Novartis Study Shows QTI571 Significantly Improved Walking Distance in Patients with Life-Threatening Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension
- Category: Small Molecules
- Published on Monday, 26 September 2011 03:00
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- Phase III IMPRES study demonstrates potential benefits of QTI571 in patients who remain symptomatic despite treatment with two or more PAH therapies(1)
- Evidence indicates that QTI571 targets an underlying cause of PAH by counteracting uncontrolled growth of arterial smooth muscle cells(2)
- PAH is a debilitating disease of the heart and lungs affecting up to 260,000 people worldwide(3) leading to heart failure and death(4)
EAST HANOVER, NJ, USA | September 25, 2011 | Novartis announced new data today from the pivotal Phase III IMPRES clinical trial showing that the investigational therapy QTI571 (imatinib) significantly improved exercise capacity in patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) after 24 weeks compared with placebo(1). Evidence indicates that QTI571 targets an underlying cause of PAH by counteracting uncontrolled growth of arterial smooth muscle cells(2).
The IMPRES study met its primary endpoint by demonstrating a significant improvement in the six-minute walk distance (6MWD) test in patients with elevated pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR) despite treatment with two or more specific PAH vasodilator therapies(1). The 6MWD is a predictor of survival in PAH patients(5,6), and is commonly used to assess exercise capacity in PAH clinical trials(7,8,9). In the study, patients treated with QTI571 increased their mean 6MWD by 31.8 meters compared with placebo (p=0.002)(1).
The study's secondary endpoints showed that QTI571 produced statistically significant improvements compared to placebo in pulmonary arterial pressure, cardiac output and pulmonary vascular resistance (all p<0.001)(1), but not in time to clinical worsening (i.e. death, hospitalization due to PAH, worsening of functional class, or >15% drop in 6MWD) (p=0.563)(1).
"These results are impressive as they were achieved in patients who were already receiving two or more established PAH drugs," said Marius Hoeper MD, Associate Professor, Department of Respiratory Medicine at Hannover Medical School, Germany and principal investigator of the IMPRES study. The data were presented for the first time at the European Respiratory Society (ERS) Annual Congress in Amsterdam, The Netherlands.
PAH is a debilitating disease of the heart and lungs that is characterized by a marked and sustained elevation in pulmonary artery pressure. The disease is chronic and rapidly progressive and can result in right ventricular heart failure and death(4). An estimated 260,000 people are affected worldwide(3) and approximately half of the people diagnosed with PAH die within five years,(10).
"If approved, QTI571 has the potential to provide a further treatment option for patients where current therapies are not providing sufficient benefit in the treatment of this life-threatening disease," said David Epstein, Division Head of Novartis Pharmaceuticals. "Novartis has a strong and growing portfolio of respiratory medicines, and we are committed to expanding the support we offer to patients suffering from a number of respiratory and pulmonary disorders."
QTI571 is an oral therapy that works by inhibiting the activity of proliferative factors including platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) which is thought to be involved, along with its receptor, in the progression of PAH(10,11). In patients with this disease, PDGF may cause smooth muscle cells in the pulmonary arteries to multiply, restricting blood flow and increasing resistance in these arteries(12).
Safety data showed that the overall incidence of adverse events was similar for QTI571 and for placebo(1). Serious adverse events and discontinuations due to serious adverse events were more frequent with QTI571(1). Adverse events were as expected for this patient population and class of drug, and were similar to those previously reported with QTI571(13).
IMPRES was a 24-week randomized placebo-controlled, double-blind, multi-center clinical trial evaluating the efficacy and safety of oral QTI571 as an add-on therapy in the treatment of patients with PAH(1). The study involved a total of 202 patients with elevated PVR of >800 dynes.sec.cm-5 despite treatment with at least two other specific PAH medications (i.e. endothelin receptor antagonists, phosphodiesterase-5 inhibitors and/or prostacyclins)(1).
Treatment was initiated at a dose of 200 mg once-daily, which was increased to 400 mg once-daily after two weeks if well tolerated. The dose could be reduced to 200 mg once-daily if treatment was not well tolerated(1).
QTI571 is currently not approved to treat PAH and is planned to be submitted for regulatory approval later this year for the treatment of this disease. Imatinib, the active ingredient in QTI571, is currently available under the trade names Glivec® and Gleevec® for use in certain oncology indications.
Novartis Pharmaceuticals Corporation researches, develops, manufactures and markets innovative prescription drugs used to treat a number of diseases and conditions, including cardiovascular, dermatological, central nervous system, bone disease, cancer, organ transplantation, psychiatry, infectious disease and respiratory. The company's mission is to improve people's lives by pioneering novel healthcare solutions.
Located in East Hanover, New Jersey, Novartis Pharmaceuticals Corporation is an affiliate of Novartis AG, which provides healthcare solutions that address the evolving needs of patients and societies. Focused solely on healthcare, Novartis offers a diversified portfolio to best meet these needs: innovative medicines, eye care, cost-saving generic pharmaceuticals, consumer health products, preventive vaccines and diagnostic tools. Novartis is the only company with leading positions in these areas. In 2010, the Group's continuing operations achieved net sales of USD 50.6 billion, while approximately USD 9.1 billion (USD 8.1 billion excluding impairment and amortization charges) was invested in R&D throughout the Group. Headquartered in Basel, Switzerland, Novartis Group companies employ approximately 121,000 full-time-equivalent associates and operate in more than 140 countries around the world. For more information, please visit http://www.novartis.com.
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Hoeper M, et al. Imatinib in pulmonary arterial hypertension, a randomized, efficacy study (IMPRES). Data presented at the European Respiratory Society (ERS) Annual Congress. Abstract No. 413. Presented September 25, 2011, Room D203-204.
Schermuly RT, et al. Reversal of experimental pulmonary hypertension by PDGF inhibition. J Clin Invest 2005;115:2811-21.
Novartis data on file.
National Heart and Lung Blood Institute. National Institute of Health. What is Pulmonary Hypertension? Available at http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/pah/. Accessed September 14, 2011.
Provencher S, et al. Long-term outcome with first-line bosentan therapy in idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension. Eur Heart J 2006;27:589–95.
Miyamoto S, et al. Clinical correlates and prognostic significance of six-minute walk test in patients with primary pulmonary hypertension. Comparison with cardiopulmonary exercise testing. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 2000;161:487–492.
Rubin LJ, et al. Bosentan therapy for pulmonary arterial hypertension. N Engl J Med 2002;346:869–903.
Galiè N, et al.Sildenafil citrate therapy for pulmonary arterial hypertension. N Engl J Med 2005;353:2148–2157.
Barst RJ, et al. A comparison of continuous intravenous epoprostenol (prostacyclin) with conventional therapy for primary pulmonary hypertension. N Engl J Med 1996;334:296–301.
Barst RJ. PDGF signaling in pulmonary arterial hypertension. J Clin Invest. 2005;115:2691–2694.
Grimminger F, Schermuly RT. PDGF receptor and its antagonists: role in treatment of PAH. Adv Exp Mol Biol 2010;661:435–446.
Balasubramaniam V, et al. Role of platelet-derived growth factor in vascular remodeling during pulmonary hypertension in the ovine fetus. Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol 2003;284:L826-833.
Ghofrani A, et al. Imatinib in pulmonary arterial hypertension patients with inadequate response to established therapy. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 2010;182:1171–1177.
SOURCE Novartis Pharmaceuticals Corporation